Labor and employment laws regularly intersect with the construction industry—whether you are dealing with employment issues such as the hiring and firing of employees, compliance with state and federal E-Verify requirements, or applicability of project labor agreements on a project.
New Hires. When you hire a new employee, you are well advised to properly document the process, as you may have certain reporting requirements depending on your construction project. For example, did you know that you are required to complete and retain a Form I-9 for every employee you hire for employment in the United States? The U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Services (USCIS) website lists the following exemptions:
- Individuals hired on or before Nov. 6, 1986, who are continuing in their employment and have a reasonable expectation of employment at all times. Some limitations to this exception apply.) Also excepted are individuals hired for employment in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) on or before Nov. 27, 2009.
- Individuals employed for casual domestic work in a private home on a sporadic, irregular or intermittent basis.
- Independent contractors or individuals providing labor to you who are employed by a contractor providing contract services (for example, employee leasing or temporary agencies).
Individuals not physically working in the United States.
Even though independent contractors are exempt, federal law prohibits individuals or businesses from contracting with an independent contractor knowing that the independent contractor is not authorized to work in the United States.
The Breaking News. On Friday, March 8, 2013, the USCIS released a new Employment Eligibility Verification Form I-9 (pdf) and all employers should begin to use the new form immediately for new hires. The form is now two pages, has expanded instructions, and includes new fields for an email address and phone number in Section 1. You can read about the background to the new form (pdf) here. The old form can be used until May 7, 2013 and the new form can be used now, but will be mandatory after May 7, 2013.
Applicability to construction industry. If you are a contractor or subcontractor and use E-Verify, then you can still require identification of an applicant’s social security number. The new instructions make clear that identifying a social security number for Section 1 purposes remains voluntary, unless the employer is enrolled in E-Verify.
Image: Will Merydith